"The lies are in the Text, the Truth is in the footnotes"
Asa Hines Gordon
The "Roots" of the Black Confederates Myth
| The following excerpts from
the Adjutant in Chief" of the Sons of Confederate Veterans in
to the Televised Broadcast of the mini-series "Roots"
the neo-Confederate motivation in the creation of the "Black
2. Commander-in-Chief Dean Boggs has asked that the following comments on “Roots” be printed:
“This TV movie, endorsed by the National Education Association, and exhibited nation-wide by American Broadcasting Co., in my opinion, was a great disservice to our Country and the public welfare. It was the modern “Uncle Tom’s Cabin".
It was made to appear that black tribesmen in the interior of Africa were kidnapped by white men and sold into slavery; that generation after generation of slaves in the South were subjected to the most inhuman physical cruelty; that black female slaves were ravished; that black families were broken up and sold; all by their white masters or overseers.
Millions of viewers, black and white, ignorant of history, believed this movie to be a truthful portrayal of history. As its producers and exhibitors must have foreseen, it could only produce hatred of whites by blacks, it could only have a divisive effect. Further, it slandered the South and the Southern people.
quoted as being “ecstatic” over its high rating for viewing audience.
damage was compounded by some school officials making the movie
viewing and the book required reading for credit for some of their
1. THE COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF SAYS:
Commander-in-Chief Dean Boggs has requested that the following information be published.
To counteract the drive of NAACP to ban the display of the Confederate Flag, the playing of Dixie, etc. and to counteract such propaganda movies as “Roots,” I have persuaded Compatriot Francis W. Springer, a historian and talented Virginia writers to write a book on the contribution of Negroes in the south to the Confederate war effort.
He is going to
sources available but feels sure the sources available to him will not
tell the whole story by any means. Thus, I call your attention to the
request from Compatriot Springer for assistance from all Compatriots.
Suddenly, after more than 100 years, it seems to have become “good politics” to assert that the flags, uniforms, and songs of the Confederacy are repugnant to negroes. This is childish nonsense. Politics often ignores the truth, and the truth is that the majority of Southern Negroes, slave and free, sided the Confederate war effort tremendously. Some were under arms and in combat.
1. THE COMMANDER- IN-CHIEF SAYS:
Commander-in-chief Dean Boggs has requested that the following information be published:
CONTRIBUTIONS OF SOUTHERN NEGROES TO THE CONFEDERATE WAR EFFORT
"All Compatriots are reminded of the announcement in the last issue of the General Headquarters News Bulletin that Compatriot Francis W. Springer, a talented writer and historian, has been persuaded by the Commander-in-chief to write a book on the above subject.
This is to counteract the efforts of the NAACP to portray the Confederate Flag and the playing of "Dixie", as offensive to blacks, and the propaganda line of such movies as "Roots," By their work on the farms, by accompanying their masters to War, and in many other ways, Southern Negroes made a valuable contribution to the Confederate war effort. After they were freed, many of them would not leave their former masters.
It is believed that the record will show that the majority of Southern Negroes made a greater contribution to the Confederacy, than the minority did for the Union.
Compatriot Springer is going to research all sources available to him but he is sure the sources available to him will not tell the whole story. He needs your help!
Please forward to him all items on this subject in your family history and records, and please research your local library and any other sources available to you. Mail all such items to: Mr. Francis W. Springer, Schuyler, VA 22969.
Essays On Afro-Americans In Confederate Armies
Arthur W. Bergeron, Jr. Thomas Cartwright,
Ervin L. Jordan,
With An Epilogue By Andrew Chandler Battaile
Edited by Richard Rollins
Journal of Confederare History Series
Richard Rollins is Vice-President of MidRange
Solutions and Editor of Rank and File Publications, Redondo Beach,
He received a Ph.D. in American lntellectual History from Michigan
University and taught at Michigan State, Ohio State University, Carroll
College, and the University of Southern California.
These units could
free or bonded men, like those described by John Parker a slave who was
pressed into service as an artilleryman at First Manassas. He had been
a fieldhand on a large plantation The master went off to war in 1861,
soon by the overseer. He had been sent to work on earthworks around
Winchester, and Richmond. He records the black population’s excitement
grew as the battle neared, when all the colored people ”were sent off
the frontlines to fight". I arrived at the Junction two days before the
action commenced,” he recalled.
139. Quoted in James M. McPherson, The Negro’s Civil War: How American Negroes Felt end Acted During the War For The Union (Chicago: University of illinois Press, 1982), 22-23.(note:actually p.26)
Quoted in James M. McPherson, The Negro’s Civil War: How American Negroes Felt end Acted During the War For The Union
, some black Southerners had, spent the entire war supporting the
in numerous laboring roles in the infrastructure, and now they began to
make the transition from support to combat. Thomas Morris Chester, a
newspaper correspondent from Philadelphia, was near Richmond at this
and interviewed several blacks soon after the fall of the city. He
that they were abuzz with a discussion of how they should react to the
call to arms, and that “after a cordial exchange of opinions it
decided with’ great unanimity, and finally ratified by all the
associations everywhere, that black men should promptly respond to the
call of the rebel chiefs, whenever it should he made, for them to take
up arms" 171
171. Quoted in R.J.M. Blackett, Ed..Thomas Morris Chester, Black Civil War correspondent (Baton Rouge: LouisIana State University Press, 1989), 248.
BEFORE RICHMOND, FEB. 3,1865.
THE ARMING OF THE SLAVES.
From what I can learn from deserters and refugees, of both colors, who may be relied upon, there is no subject which is engrossing so much attention in Richmond as the proposition to arm a corps of negroes.....The more thoughtful of the negroes in Richmond rather liked the idea, and, hoping that it would be put into execution, began to prepare the minds of their people for an important chapter in this struggle in which they were praying to be permitted to take a part.
A GREAT SECRET ASSOCIATION OF “LIBERTY”
at once organized in Richmond, which rapidly spread throughout
where the venerable patriarchs of this oppressed people prayerfully
together to deliberate upon the proposition of taking up arms in
of the South. There was but one opinion as to the rebellion and its
but the question which puzzled them most was, How were they to act the
part about to be assigned to them in this martial drama? After
a cordial interchange of opinions it was decided with great unanimity,
and finally ratified by all the auxiliary associations everywhere, that
black men should promptly respond to the call of the rebel chiefs,
it should be made, for them to take up arms.
A question arose as to what position they would likely occupy in an engagement, which occasioned no little solicitude, from which all minds were relieved by agreeing that if they were placed in front as soon as the battle began the negroes were to raise a shout for Abraham Lincoln and the Union, and, satisfied there would be plenty of support from the Federal force, they were to turn like uncaged tigers upon the rebel hordes. Should’ they be placed in the rear, it was also understood that as Soon as firing began they were to charge furiously upon the chivalry, which would place them between two fires,.which would disastrously defeat the army of Lee, if not accomplish its entire annihilation.
THE PROOF OF AUTHENTICITY OF THE PLAN.
Such is the plan which I learned from the vice president of the combined movement, who delayed his exit from Richmond some six weeks, under the impression and the hope that negroes would be armed in the rebel service. Being satisfied that it would not be attempted, he took Passage upon the underground railroad and arrived safely within our lines. ....
CIVIL WAR:The Magazine of the CivilWar Society
Vol. VIII No. 3 May-June 1990 Issue
by Edward C. Smith
The Military Contribution
of Canton, Mississippi, is probably the most unusual Confederate
in the nation, dedicated to black Confederates. Erected sometime before
the turn of-the century, the handsome granite obelisk honors the
and service" of the blacks who served in Harvev's Scouts, a crack
unit that distinguished itself while opposing General Sherman's march
Mississippi and Georgia.
The Howcott monument is a 20 foot high granite obelisk with inscriptions on three sides and is a smaller version of the Harvey's Scouts monument. The east side reads "Erected by W. H. Howcott in the Memory of the Good and Loyal Servants Who Followed the Fortunes of Harvey's Scouts during the Civil War." On the north face is inscribed "A Tribute to My Faithful Servant and Friend, Willis Howcott, a Colored boy of Rare royalty and Faithfulness Whose Memory I Cherish with Deep Gratitude." The south face reads " Loyal, Faithful, True Were each and all of them." The monument is surrounded by a wrought iron fence and set in the sidewalk leading to it is an inscription in blue tile that reads, "Colored Servants of Harvey's Scouts." In the 1980's, the local chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy and members of the Howcott family from New Orleans renovated the monument and the surrounding park, which had fallen into disrepair.31 There is nothing on the monument to indicate that these "colored servants" were combattants while they followed their masters who belonged to Harvey's Scouts.
THE neo-Black Confederates